Psychology is the study of the mind and behaviour. Psychologists explore concepts such as perception, cognition, attention, emotion, motivation, brain functioning, personality, behavior, and interpersonal relationships, including psychological resilience, family resilience, and other areas. Psychology as a practice, involves various disciplines like clinical psychology, behavioural psychology, environmental psychology, criminal psychology, consumer psychology etc.
Each of the disciplines of psychology has its own set of processes, techniques, standards and accepted methodologies to be learnt and followed. It is an applied science, so the quantitative measurement of progress is possible.
Among the many types of psychology, the one we are most aware of is counseling psychology. The plain reason for its familiarity being, counseling psychology encompasses a variety of functions across our lives.
Counseling Psychology is a specialty within professional psychology that maintains a focus on facilitating personal and interpersonal functioning across the life span. The specialty pays particular attention to emotional, social, vocational, educational, health-related, developmental, and organizational concerns.
Some unifying themes among counseling psychologists include a focus on assets and strengths, person-environment interactions, educational and career development, brief interactions, and a focus on intact personalities
You go to a school or college, there will be counsellor there for students and teachers as well, or if you go to any organization (business and non-business alike), you will find a psychologist there.These are people who may not form a part of the workings of the entire institution, but they are important to help maintain the stability of the foundation, on 抑鬱輔導 which the institution is built, i.e. the PEOPLE.
The human mind, from time to time needs caring of its own. There may not be any major concern (or there maybe one!) but even then, the burden of daily life gets to the mind and it loses its path. The job of counseling psychologists involves helping people deal with these problems, big and small, so that people can go about their lives with ease.
In recent decades, counseling psychology as a profession has expanded and is now represented in numerous countries around the world. A counseling psychologist, like any other psychologist is a trained professional with a license to practice. There are rules and guidelines in counseling psychology that need to be adhered to and violations can be punishable.
Process and Outcome of Counseling Psychology
1. Counselling process refers to the start and continuation of a counselling. It answers the questions How and Why.
2. The two important questions asked are, “Why is counselling happening?” and “How is it being done?”
3. The first question is important since it gives us a cause for action. Once the first question is answered, the psychologist is in a position to determine, how exactly he/she should move forward in the give scenario.